Sigmund Freud structured the functions of the human mind into three parts: the id, ego and superego. A healthy personality stems from a balance of these three factors. Therefore, an individual with an overly dominant id or superego may appear unhinged and irrational. Many of the boys’ mentality is disproportionate and causes them unease internally and amongst themselves. Through Jack, Simon, Piggy, and Ralph, William Goldings’s Lord of the Flies illustrates the id, supego, and ego, respectively, and the different functions of these dominant personalities on the island community.
The id is the primal, and impulsive instincts of human behaviour. It acts upon wishful compulsions regardless of the consequences, simply to experience the pleasure. Jack showcases this personality in “Lord of the Flies”, through many of his reckless actions: “You let the fire go out.” This repetition made Jack uneasy. He looked at the twins and then back at Ralph. “We had to have them in the hunt,” he said, “or there wouldn’t have been enough for a ring” (Golding, 73). Jack was more interested in the gratifications of hunting than the aspect of rescue from tending to the signal fire, as the id is more focused in immediate pleasures than a long-term plan. Furthermore, Jack is unceasingly in search of power: “Bollocks to the rules! We’re strong – we hunt! If there’s a beast, we’ll hunt it down! We’ll close in and beat and beat and beat–!” (79). Jack prospers upon control. He manages to turn the boy against the head chief, Ralph. Ultimately, he overpowered Piggy and Simon, resembling how the id can overpower the ego.

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