Physical Security

Executive Master of Science in Information Security Systems
University of The Cumberland’s
Mohamed Manzoor Ul Hassan

Crime Prevention through Environmental Design is a technique of discouraging unlawful conduct by engineering the setting in which crime is likely to be committed. In this regard, Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design is a multidisciplinary method to prevent criminal behavior through environmental design (Atlas, 2008). CPTED tactics and policies depend on the ability to operate the criminal’s choices that precede the crime. Prominently, to achieve discouragement effects of criminal behavior, CPTED tactics have been designed on the basis that they can influence the offender’s decision concerning committing the crime which precedes criminal acts.
The core of CPTED approach is emphasized by Angel (1968) suggestion that the creation or removal of boundaries can influence crime settings, lessening or increasing accessibility, delineating territories and through enhancing surveillance by the police and citizenry. Therefore, CPTED be a method of problem-solving that considers the conditions and the opportunities they proposition for criminal behavior occurrence (Cornish and Clarke 1986). After that, it utilizes those supposed opportunities responsible for causing crimes to governor access, provides an opportunity to see and to be seen and defines possession while encouraging territory maintenance (Luedtke et al., 1970)

CPTED uses a diversity of disciplines to foresee the criminal’s mindset and hence create an environment that discourages criminal behavior. Crowe (2000) reports that the principal tenet used to arrive at the policies is the analysis of crime and the environment where it occurs using an investigative question “why here.” Furthermore, such analyses have proved that: crimes are precise and situational; crime spreading correlates to land use and transport network, and offenders are usually confident and commit the crime in place they know well (Atlas, 2008). Moreover, these analyses reveal that opportunities for crime arise out of daily actions and crimes that are often without the observer.

Cornish, D. & Clarke, R.V. (1986): The Reasoning Criminal: Rational Choice Perspectives on Offending. New York: Springer Verlag.
Clarke, R.V. (1992). Situational Crime Prevention: Successful Case Studies: New York, Harrow and Hessto

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