Personhood ChartThis chart contains a grid for different philosophical anthropologies that answer the question of personhood.
Complete the following chart in the context of defining what it means to be human according to Christianity, Materialism, and your own Personal View. Refer to the assigned reading for explanation of characteristics listed on the left.
Christianity Materialism Personal View
Relational God is the ultimate being and he created human beings to worship him (Loftin, 2017). God has a personal relationship with those who love him and have accepted him into their hearts. This love is also meant to form relationships with others, which is important in helping each other in the world. The main purpose of life is to love and do well to others (Loftin, 2017). For individuals to be able to produce and grow, people have to form social relationships. These relationships are based on what benefits are associated with these people (Blanton, 2014). My personal view is every person that comes in my life cycle has a purpose, which has been destined by God (Bartholomew & Goheen, 2013). God has given individuals the power to distinguish people’s intentions on the way they act or behave. These relationships help individuals in knowing their purposes on earth (Bartholomew ; Goheen, 2013).
Multidimensional The perfect functioning of the body organs and senses indicate a perfect God with a good purpose to all human kind (Loftin, 2017). The Christian multidimensional view involves a physical and a spiritual dimension, which determine relationships and our destinies (Loftin, 2017). There are different perspectives on how individuals live their lives. This is based on one’s beliefs and the decisions one makes in this life (Blanton, 2014). Everyone should belong to a group or culture which he/she should live according to the rules. These groups have been formed before us and influence how individuals live their lives (Bartholomew & Goheen, 2013).
Sexual The Christian religion has rues based on sex and procreation, which have been given by God who is the ultimate creator, and there are consequences for breaking these rules (Loftin, 2017). There are no rules to follow or consequences to be faced when one engages in sexual behaviors (Blanton, 2014). This is mostly based on cultural influences or other factors, which determine the choices made by individuals (Blanton, 2014). Sexual life is not an ordinary thing and there are consequences involved when individuals engage in risky sexual behaviors (Bartholomew & Goheen, 2013). There should be a guideline whether religious or cultural that governs this act.
Moral Christianity explains the moral and other behavior expectations based on the guidelines in the Bible, which are given by God (Loftin, 2017). Morals are shaped by how individuals deem fit for their lives which is based on the way of life and their environment (Blanton, 2014). Although there is freedom for individuals to choose whatever they want, there are certain rules and regulations, which positively impact the life of individuals (Bartholomew & Goheen, 2013).
Mortal Christianity explains the two destinations, which people end up in after death (Loftin, 2017). The heaven is meant for the righteous people while hell is meant for those who did not live according to the required guidelines (Loftin, 2017). Mortal in materialism explains that there is no destination based on how individuals lived their lives on earth (Blanton, 2014). Everything ends after death. After death, either one will go to heaven or hell based on how one lived his/her life on earth (Bartholomew & Goheen, 2013).
Destined for Eternal Life Christianity believes in eternal life, which is life after death whether in heaven or hell. This is determined by the acts a person performed on earth (Loftin, 2017). This philosophy believes that life ends at death and no eternal life. Acts done on earth do not determine our destinies (Blanton, 2014). The life aspect involves the physical as well as the spiritual aspects (Bartholomew & Goheen, 2013). The spiritual aspect lives forever and at the end of life, God will decide where individuals spend their eternity according to their deeds on earth (Bartholomew & Goheen, 2013).
Bartholomew, C. G., & Goheen, M. W. (2013). Christian philosophy: A systematic and narrative introduction. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic.
Blanton, W. (2014). A materialism for the masses: Saint Paul and the philosophy of undying life. New York: Columbia University Press.
Loftin, R. K. (2017). Christian physicalism? Philosophical theological criticisms. Lanham: Lexington Books.