“Islamic culture has given us majestic arches and soaring spires’ timeless poetry and cherished music’ elegant calligraphy and places of peaceful contemplation.” (Barack Obama) I have selected this topic to fulfill the requirement of my PRN but being a Muslim, I feel pride to elaborate the culture of my own society. The society in which I born, grow up, studied and all other needs prescribed in Quran. There are above a billion Muslims all over the world, and though they communicate in hundreds of different lingoes and live in dozens of different countries, they still follow a common Muslim culture. This culture is enclosed in certain common principles that there is no God except Allah and Muhammad (PBUH) is His prophet. Muslim customs and traditions contain Islamic clothing, food, wedding traditions and other characteristics of Islamic life that Muslims have embraced in their respective countries. I have made some effort to explain Islamic culture and civilization. Islamic culture is a term primarily used in worldly academic world to describe the cultural practices common to historically Islamic people — i.e., the culture of the Islamicate. The early systems of Muslim culture were mainly Arab. When Islam emerged in the Arab lands brought by Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W), it deals with Arab culture that are animism and dynamism, including polytheism. This fact must be faced Islam by conducting various maneuver attitude and process such a long time to change. For this reason, Islam handed attitude and behavior of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) through His uswa-tul-hasanah. This uswa-tul-hasanah is still under the command in a message of the Creator of the Universe, Allah SWT, contained in His revelation. This is because Islam wants to restore man to the bottom of the holy nature of the beliefs and activities that have a lot of out of The Creator’s corridor. Even the holy goal to be achieved, Islam cannot leave the current reality of human culture as a base with packing values of heavenly. That is way, the absorption of Arab culture at that time was unavoidable, and there were some situation which were called screening, modification, and removal to fit the return of the holy image. This is due to the impossibility of leaving human behavior as a part of its culture and basic implementation of a worship. But strangely, when the absorption of incident has ended and completed in line with the completion of revelation decline, there are still people who claim that their culture are parts of Islamic culture by saying, this is a culture that is in accordance with the teachings of Islam. However, when there is a clash between the basic teachings of Islam and the culture, they were unable to rediscover the roots of the problem or pretend not to know and claim in accordance with the teachings of Islam that has kept it down to his children and grandchildren. This ailment will be answered with a raised back in the terms of Islamic culture as a human consideration addressing Islamic philosophy without leaving their culture. For this lasting, it can be seen how manifold ethnically diverse-popping culture in line with the development of a civilized society in dealing with the Islamic teachings. At different times of separation and difference, it would look very essence of the term Islamic Culture so that it turns out to be found where the pure Islamic teachings and which are not pure. While this term is no difference with the Islamic culture, but established on a review put the word Islam in the commencement of the word culture, the meaning of it is much different from the first discussion. If the Islamic culture emphasizes the issue of the ethnic attitudes to Islam against the teachings of Islam in the different background in location of the region, tribe, country, climate, and issues such as political, economic, social, ideological, science, and so on. All this has created a wealth of cultural diversity of Islamic and that emerging and developing both assimilation and acculturation. However, Islamic culture is the practices, behavior, knowledge and actions of Muslims in reference to the teachings of Islam so that the teaching of Islam can transformed as diverse as the field. In the meantime, Islamic Culture delivers direction on how to address the culture of Islam around them when eras of revelation ongoing decline. Phasing of manifestation (asbab an-nuzul) and sustained by an extensive variety of traditions (al-wurud asbab) in the era as a prophetic religion exercised with human culture when it cannot outbreak the fact of human culture at that time. Diminutive Arab culture, Jews, and Christians are reflected as representative of the cultures of the world that must be foreseen by providing clarity in attitude. The issue of normative and selective is very prominent in this respect. Islam should provide attitude and position without ignoring the entire outstanding culture. This is where necessary sharia which will provide direction and guidance how should the Muslim acts. Muhammad al-Hudhari Bik informs this concept in terms of At-Tasyri’fi Hayat Rasulullah SAW or fostering Islamic law in the time of Prophet Muhammad. This fact is encouraged by community settings and in reply to the events which happens in the Islamic community. For this reason, the Quran is revealed gradually and step by step by adjusting the events which are happening in Muslim society. It is said gradually because it is revealed from Luuh al-Mahfuz, to Bait al-Izza on the sky, and into the hearts of the Prophet. Then, wisdom passed down gradually due to take courage of the Prophet, to easily memorize and understand it, adapt to events/ occurrences, and gradually bring down the Islamic ruling, to block the opponent and weaken it, and as a complete and definite proposition. Although the Quran directs its focus on Arabic culture, but are universal. That is, the Arabs is only used as a miniature example of long-term goals and width that are universal to all nations throughout the world, even the universe.
The Holy Quran is measured to be the source of many characteristics of Islamic culture. Certain actions or customs that Muslims do almost subconsciously are essentially encouraged, or allowed by Allah, in the Quran. Festivities like Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha and Lailat al Miraj are the great examples of the importance of religion in the lives of Muslims. As per Muslim culture, marriage is, in the words of Mohammed, ‘half of religion’. The bonding of two souls in holy matrimony is looked upon as a legal bond and social contract. Art is an important part of Muslim culture. Abstract, attractive and bloomy designs are exceptional to Islamic art and architecture. Muslims art is constantly bereft of illustrations of the animate, particularly human beings as per the instructions of Islam / Muslim religion. The art of Islam emphases on the existence of Allah, the ‘One who cannot be characterized by imagination’. Arabic calligraphy is an identified art form used to write verses from the Qur’an. With the escalation of Islam, the earliest mosques to be constructed outside Arabia were absolutely influenced by the local houses of worship and churches. However the building structures and simplicity of the mosque persist, repeatedly, other materials for columns and beams were selected from other monuments of previous cultures. Islamic architecture • Large courtyards • Central prayer halls • Minarets • A wall niche indicating the direction to Mecca • Domes • Iwans to separate sections • Repetitive art forms • Arabic calligraphy • Fountains • Bright color Music Islamic music is mostly used in public services. Devotional music is appreciated by modern Muslims all over the world. Other music available in forms include Arab classical and North Indian classical music. The music selection of Muslims have cut across the trade routes. Sufis are recognized to take the music of the spiritualists far and wide The Quran does not support many practices that are widespread in the Muslim world today. However, the customs, sayings, and stories of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and his accomplice providing the basis for today’s behaviors and practices that are called the Hadith. The word Muslim reflecting ‘obedience to God’. Islam is known as the second-largest world religion. Muslims believe that the Quran is the conclusion of conversations between the God and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Islam publicizes the five laws that are essential duties to unite Muslims in spirit. That are: • Shahadah or the worship of one God only. • Salah or prayer, at least five times a day. • Zakat, or donation of alms. • Fasting during Ramadan. • Haj, the Hajj to the Holy City of Mecca. In current troubled world, it is essential to differentiate between what is true Islamic culture and what is just culture as Muslim culture covers an extensive variety of topics. Many Islamic customs or traditions that are practiced today are not supported by the verses of the Quran and the wisdoms of Prophet Muhammad in the Hadith, but are simply local customs supposed to be Muslim culture. Some of those who have written about the history of civilization define civilization as “a social system which helps man to increase his cultural output.” Basic Concept Of Islamic Civilization: Civilization contains of four main elements: economic capitals, political systems, social norms and science and arts. The improvement and advancement of a civilization needs many aspects such as geographical and economic factors, and psychological factors such as religion, language and education. The focus of this awareness is the study of Islamic civilization as a global and multicultural marvel. At present, there are more than a billion Muslims in the world. They live in different countries and speak different languages and accents. Muslims are in the majority of population in a region and spread from Morocco to Indonesia. The impression of the civilization linked with Islam on the history of world has been complex and intense. The founding of the religion of Islam and the first Islamic polity by the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W was a major turning point in human history. The main Islamic empires that come into being after the immediate wake of the rise of Islam are the Umayyad and the Abbasids — not only had a wonderful effects on the political and economic of the global system, they also became centers of knowledge and culture fluorescence. Resulting the fall of Baghdad to the Mongols in the 13th century, the transformation of Turk-Mongol tribes to Islam headed to a incredible new series of Islamic political entities that transformed the Eurasian world not only through military invasion but also by providing links for trade and diplomacy. Islam played likewise vital roles in the histories of Africa and Southeast Asia. As of the Taj Mahal and the libraries of Timbuktu to the Blue Mosque in Istanbul and the Alhambra palace in Spain, Islamic societies produced extraordinary works of art, structural design and literature The failure of a civilization from factors that are the opposite of those which lead to its escalation and development, the most important of these damaging factors include ethical and intellectual corruption, lawlessness and failure of social systems, the spread of injustice and poverty, the spread of distrust and apathy and the lack of competent and sincere leaders. In the beginning the Muslims were both open and vigilant. They copied and incorporate the elements of other cultures into their own. The new religion of Islam, which we will get to in a moment, adopted elements of Christian, Jewish, and pagan religious beliefs and practices. The Muslims accepted religious minorities within territories they had conquered so long as these minorities recognized Islamic political rule, paid taxes, and did not preach among Muslims. The Muslims were careful to guard the purity of their religion, language, and law from any foreign influence. With the passage of time, and with increased conflict with both western and eastern Christians, these protective measures grew stronger. In the end, Islamic culture did not enter the west in the same way that Germanic culture did, but would remain strange as well as threatening to the West.

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