INTRODUCTION Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asiaand the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, includingHinduism,Buddhism, Confucianism,Islamand Christianity, all strong in the major trading cities. Indonesia is a country with a mix of interesting cultures, exotic foods, and beautiful places. That is why it is quite a waste if the world never knows about Indonesia, and then here comes the role of Indonesian prime minister to boost the touristic values of Indonesia and brings out the best of Indonesia in the eyes of the world. Furthermore, values of Indonesian Culture every culture has its own assumptions and values about what it believes and considers right. When it comes to assumptions and values, people tend to be subjective because the value itself has been planted in them since they were young. Those values are being planted in their mind until they believe in it as if it is the right one. It also happens in my home countrys values. Tradition believes older people have earned respect, because they have survived. Also, Indonesian believe many resources make life easier. In Indonesian education, two values from these assumptions are the teacher is an elder and is always right. The Japanese culture is unlike any other in the world. It has long been known for its excellence in education and its strong background of family and religion. The Japanese way of life is an assortment of art, literature, music and more and it is nothing short of spectacular. In this research, some of the different aspects of the Japanese life style as well as take a cultural look into the life of the Japanese. The Japanese culture is one that is rich within an historical and traditional context. Many of the traditional practices established hundreds of years ago can be seen today in modern Japan and are a direct reflection of significant historical accounts. The role of woodblock art in Japanese culture is one such reflection to which many historical references and traditions were recorded and captured in pictorial form. DISCUSSION I) HOFSTEDES DIMENSIONS OF INDONESIAN Hofstede define dimension to make differentiation on national culture which contains of power distance, individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus feminism, uncertainty avoidance and Confucian Dynamism ( Long term orientation versus Short term orientation). Each dimension is measured by index that represents the level of the dimension which can be indicator of the cultural life of society in the country. Based on Hofstede index, the highest dimension in Indonesi is power distance, the second is uncertainty avoidance and the third is masculinity and the lowest is individualism. The combination of highest index in power distance and uncertainty avoidance give indication that leader have strong power and authority to control their employee based on law, rules and regulation developed by leaders power. The masculinity dimension in Indonesia is fairly high. If compared to Asian average of Hofstedes dimension, it is slightly differences. The lowest index in individualism which means that Indonesian tends to be collectivism. Hofstedes dimension of national culture in Indonesia can be guidance to adapt in the working environment. Regarding on highest index in power distance, it need high loyalty and obedience to the boss as a leader. It is expected that employee should obey to the boss. They must follow the instruction or order from the boss without any refutations, although sometimes the instruction is not appropriate with employees mind. Sometimes, employee can refuse the instruction but it is rarely occurred. Threrefore, all of decisions depend on the boss. Regarding on masculinity dimension, working environment in Indonesia tend to lead to masculinity rather than femininity. It reflects on the characteristics to give priority of value on assertive, acquisition of money, goods and competition. In working place they tend to show the ownership of their possession such as new car, emblishment, new mobile phone. Low score in individualism show the attitude of self interest and family as a common interest in a group. Most of it is made jointly to the group, which needs high emotional dependence to each other. HOFSTEDES DIMENSION OF JAPANESE Power distance dimension deals with fact that all individuals in societies are not equal and it express the attitude of the culture towards these inequalities amongst. Power distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. Japanese are always conscious of their hierarchial position in any social setting and act accordingly. However, it is not as hierarchical because of their business experience of painstakingly slow decision making process. Another example of not so high Power Distance is that Japan has always been a meritocratic society. There is a strong notion in the Japanese education system that everybody is born equal and anyone can get ahead. Individualism is the degree of interdepence a society maintains among its members. It has to do with whether peoples self image is defined in terms of I or W. In individual societies people are sopposed to look after themselves and their direct family only. Certainly Japanese society shows many of the characteristics of a collectivistic society. The most popular explanation for this is that Japanese society does not have extended family system which forms a base of more collectivistic societies such as China and Korea. Japan has been a paternalistic society and the family name and asset was inherited from father to the eldest son. However, company loyalty to their companies while Chinese seem to job hop more easily. While in more collectivistic culture, people are loyal to their inner group by birth such as their extended family and their local community. Masculinity is a high score on this dimension indicates that the society will be driven by competition, achievement and success being defined by the winner and a value system that starts in school and continues throughout organizational life. A low score Feminine on the dimensions means that the dominant values in society are caring for others and quality of life. A feminine society is one where quality of life is the sign of success and standing out from the crowd is not admirable. Uncertainty avoidance is has to do with the way that a society deals with the facts that the future can never be known should we try to control the future. This ambiguity brings with it anxiety and different cultures have learnt to deal with this anxiety in different ways. The extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations and have created beliefs and institution that try to avoid these is reflected in the score on uncertainty avoidance. Under these circumstances Japanese learned to prepare themselves for any uncertain situation. This goes not only for the emergency plan and precautions for sudden natural disasters but also for every other aspects of society. Managers ask for all the detailed facts ad figures before taking any decision. This high need for uncertainty avoidance is one of the reasons why changes are so difficult to realize in Japan. Long term orientation dimension describes howevery society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and future and societies prioritise these two existential goals differently. Normative societies, which score low on this dimension for example as prefer to maintain time honoured traditions and norms while viewing societal change with suspicion. Indulgence is one challenge that confronts humanity, now and in the past is the degree to which small children are socialized. This dimension is defined as the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulses. REACTION TOWARDS PERCEPTION OF JAPANESE The image of a modern Japan has been promoted along with a kind of anonymous Japan with lots of yen and high quality products such as cars and consumer electronics. That image has strongly influenced foreigners view abroad that is Japan being a very dynamic economy but quite anonymous without promoting any specific image of Japanese people. Rather, the image has been affected more by companies of Japan or more by products from Japan. More recently, Japan has shifted towards cultural exchanges as one of the pillars in foreign policy along with security and economic cooperation. As a result, have seen the promotion of culture abroad through various governmental organizations including programs of cultural exchange protection of world heritage sites, promotion of cultural diversity for minorities and some of which are linked to security as exemplified by the case of Japans effort to protect Angkor Wat, while playing an important role in promoting security and resolution of the crisis in Cambodia. By promoting Japan as an economic power in the past the backlash now is there because Japan is obviously in some kind of crisis on the economic side. The image of Japan for decision making people is quite negative possibly comparable to the image of Argentina. Althrough Japan and Argentina are totally different in economic size and strength and it is the image of Japan that is serious crisis. In reality there are many sectors that have been doing relatively well such as cellular phones in Japan but the image of perception of Japan is negative. This is one thing that really have to know. REACTION TOWARDS PERCEPTION OF INDONESIAN Indonesian also perceive the West as being hypocritical being critical on the one hand but exploitative on the other. Furthermore, Western nations sometimes attach conditions to the provisions of aid such as the maintenance of satisfactory human rights records. Once again, is seen by many Indonesians as an example of Western hypocrisy bearing in mind the past huma rights violations in the treatment of African-American in the US and aborigines in Australia and the Indonesian perception that these violations continue today. For instance, while the majority of Australian and the Indonesian perception that these violations continue today. For instance, while the majority of Australians are not racist and the historical legacy of the cultural genocide of aborigines lingers and the land issue of aborigines continues to fester. But while Indonesians are critical of the West, they also engage in a common contradiction exhibited by former colonised peoples. they long to acquire the knowledge and abilities of the west and they seek to emulate the lifestyle of those they consider to be superior, in other words the neo-colonisers but, at the same time, they are resentful of Westerners power possessions and control of resources. REACTION TOWARDS STEREOTYPE OF INDONESIAN 1) INDONESIANS LAID TOURIST TRAPS ALL OVER THEIR COUNTRY Some tourist have left the country with stories about traps or even scams, causing some people to fixate on such reports as a representation of the countrys tourism landscape. And while, unfortunately that does happen, there are far more trustworthy and legitimate tourism services than the ones that took advantage of out of towers. In fact, many more tourists are satisfied with the friendliness and hospitality of locals. And even when visitors find themselves in a confusing scenario most of the time such traps can be avoided altogether by communicating prices beforehand asking questions are reading reviews before choosing a service. 2) INDONESIAN ARE VERY CONSERVATIVE Some foreigners may have a mental image of Indonesian women wearing headscarves and long dresses. Some tourists may even feel complied to dress as conservative as possible to respect the local culture. And while a modest attire is considered more polite as with anywhere in the world, no one is judging anyone for wearing anything. In the big cities such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Bali and more visitors will see the majority of locals often walking around in jeans and a shirt with many even wearing imported brands. Tourists can also enjoy a vibrant nightlife in certain parts of the city and have a good time with some local friends. 3) INDONESIANS PRACTICE RADICAL ISLAM First of all, it should be noted that HYPERLINK https// Indonesiais a secular state by law it is not a Muslim country, even though it hosts the biggest Muslim population in the world. Religion may have its influences on the countrys philosophy and regulations, but with the exception of the Special Region of Aceh, the nation is governed by principles of democracy and humanity. Its also important to remember that the state officially acknowledges other religions, including Christianity, Catholicism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. 4) INDONESIANS LIVE IN TREES WITH NO ELECTRICITY While there are still many ethnic group who live traditionally with little to no modern technology many parts of the country are now well developed. Indonesians has several big cities dense with shopping malls, hotels and other modern facilities. And even smaller towns have electricity and internet connection. 5) INDONESIANS ARE UNEDUCATED The image of Indonesians being uneducated is consistent with the general stereotype that the nation is widely traditional, remote, and uninformed. In reality, Indonesian kids are required by regulations to attend at least nine years of school. Furthermore, thats just the bare minimum the number of youngsters who enter college is rising with every generation. More also, both state and private institutions are adding new programs and facilities every year. In addition to that, many wealthy Indonesians go as far as Europe or the United States to acquire higher-quality education. 6) INDONESIANS ARE POOR Sadly, the poverty is, indeed, a present social issue in Indonesia. But the generalization that Indonesians are poor is not true. Moreover, the country has a growing consumer class and professionals working in big international industries. Indonesia also has a strong economic growth and one of the highest GDPs in Asia as a country. Y, dXiJ(x(I_TS1EZBmU/xYy5g/GMGeD3Vqq8K)fw9
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