In Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural address (1864) argues for the reconciliation of the South with the North, as well as asserting that slavery is the primary cause of the Civil War. 2) Using personification of the “nation” and the “war” Lincoln effectively creates a space where the impact of blame for the start of the war is mitigated. Also by using repetition, parallelism, and biblical allusion Lincoln aligns his authority with God in order to negotiate the end of the conflict and suggest that the “nation” has suffered enough. 4) Writing with reverential intensity and determined purpose, Lincoln effectively manages to create a rhetorical space by which the South can rejoin the union as well as appeal to Northern audiences who have lost many lives and resources in the conflict; in contemporary times the speech is a reminder that sometimes peace is the hardest state to preserve.

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