How do you describe Louisiana? That is a hard one because Louisiana is like no other state. Louisiana became a state on April 30, 1812. Louisiana is 51,843 square miles. The state is divided into north and south Louisiana, but throughout the state the culture is the same. The religion, music, people, areas, food, and language are all very unique to Louisiana.
Within Louisiana there are several different religions. Many people from Louisiana are descendants of Europeans and practice Catholicism (Louisiana Creole Culture). According to a study done in 2010, the top five denominations of religion in Louisiana in this order are: Catholic, Southern Baptist, non-denomination, United Methodist, and National Baptist convention(Louisiana Religion Statistics).
People in Louisiana are sometimes called Cajun, Louisianan, creole or southern. No matter what you want to call them they are some of the nicest people. Louisianans are big on hospitality and very polite. People in the South are always nice and willing to help one another person in any way they can. Every time you pass someone on the road, you will get a wave from them even if they do not know you. There are lots of different kinds of people that settled in Louisiana such as English, German, West Indians, Africans, Irish and Italians, but the original settlers were the French, Spanish, and Acadians (About Louisiana). The name Creole was started for the upper-class people of Louisiana. “The word Creole persisted as a term also referring to white Louisianans, usually of upper-class, non-Cajun origin. When a Creole married a Cajun, the upper-class Creole was looked down at and considered a Cajun. The food they prepared had a direct correlation with the food they ate in Europe. The culture that has developed in Louisiana over the years took several generations. Each generation adding something special to the culture so that Louisiana keeps being the unique place it is.
The language in Louisiana is very different than any other state in the United States. If you live in South Louisiana, your accent would be more Cajun than if you lived in North Louisiana. The people in north Louisiana have slight Cajun accent, but mostly have southern accent. The words such as y’all, laissez les bon temps rouler, and geaux are words that are used in Louisiana. A lot of the language comes from the French. Laissez les bon temps rouler means let the good times roll and geaux means go. Cajun people represent ingenuity, creativity, adaptability, and survival. They had to survive a lot to get where they are today. A lot of the people that live in south Louisiana are simple, hardworking, lower class people living off the land.
Food is big thing throughout Louisiana. Anytime you go to someone’s house they will fix you some kind of food. Both Creole and Cajun cooking developed in Southern Louisiana but popular in Northern Louisiana too. According to the article Ducote wrote, Creole cooking is city food and Cajun cooking is country food. Both styles use fresh local food, but the preparation is different. Cajun and Creole cuisine is popular throughout to the State of Louisiana. Cajun cooking tends to be more robust and has more spice to it. A lot of Cajuns live off the land and use the natural resources they have in order to survive. They live in the bayou and swamps were fish, shellfish, and wild game are all over the place. The Cajuns did not try to replicate European dishes since they did not have access to the exotic spices and other hard to find ingredients that made up the more complex European dishes. Cajun food was shaped by were they settled. Cajun cooking is simple and most of the dishes can be cooked all in one pot. They had an abundance of wild game, seafood, wild vegetables and herbs in order to make their dishes. Creole cuisine comes from French, Spanish, African, Native American, and Caribbean influences (Louisiana Creole Culture). Creole cooking is all about sauces and the sauces are creamy and full of favors with use of herbs and spices. Creole food represents Louisiana’s flair and imagination. Unlike the Cajuns, the Creole people were the upper class and felt they needed to recreate European dishes in order to be happy. Creole cooking is more complex than Cajun. Unlike Cajun cooking, Creole cooking cooks all the ingredients separately and serves them. They were able to afford rare spices and other foods from Europe that were not readily found in Louisiana. Creole food is always full-flavored, with generous components of butter, pepper, salt and herbs. Creole cooking uses celery, bell pepper, and onions, cooked in a roux as a starting point for a lot of Creole dishes (Ducote, 2018). Creole refers to a native development from the French and Spanish colonial period. Unique to Louisiana is a kind of tomato called creole tomato. The tomato is only grown in Louisiana and has a slight spice to it.
Louisiana is the only state in the United States with political subdivisions called parishes.
Louisiana culture is like no other culture in the world. Hurricanes and storms may come through Louisiana, but nothing will ever stop Louisiana from being unique and the best state.

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