Domestic violence happens when a former or current intimate forces strength and control in a relationship through sexual, physical, or psychological mistreatment, to cause physical or mental abuse. Domestic violence happens within all age groups, ethnicities, cultures, races, sexuality, and social status. It also is not limited to only intimate couples. Nor, does sex have to be present in the relationship for violence to occur. However, the term for domestic violence in most countries usually includes other family members other than intimate partners, such as children of any age, your parents, siblings, even roommates, and so on, people typically apply the term domestic violence to relay force or threats, a pattern of physical, sexual, or psychological mental abuse between intimate partners. Victims of domestic violence can be either men or women; however, most of the victims happen to be women as victims. Therefore, most domestic violence organizations, activist, and clubs tend to focus on women. This paper will discuss the types of history of domestic violence, the signs, types, and prevention. With domestic violence being one of the most growing problems in America. In what ways might we, females, solve the problem of domestic violence in the year 2019 and beyond?
“The domestic violence movement began as a social change movement with dual goals of social change and service provision.” (Still a Movement After All These Years?). Domestic violence has always been present in history. In the roman society, women were looked at as her husband’s property. Therefore, were under a husband control as if she was a slave. According to early Roman law, a man could beat, divorce, or murder his wife for offenses committed by her, which besmirched his honor or threatened his property rights. (Violence Against Women 1994). However, the Roman people were not the only ones who committed such acts. The Catholic Church’s approval of “The Rules of Marriage” in the 15th century exhorted the husband to stand as the judge of his wife. According to the “Rules of Marriage”, beating showed worry for the wife’s soul. The well-known law in England gave a man the right to beat his wife in the concern of maintaining family discipline. The phrase “rule of thumb” referred to the common English law, which allowed a husband to beat his wife if he used a stick that was no bigger than his thumb. (Violence Against Women 1994).
In America, before the mid-1800s, many legal systems agreed with beating your wife as a valid exertion of a husband’s power over his wife. However, one exception was the 1641 Body of Liberties of the Massachusetts Bay colonists, which stated that a wife should be “free from bodily correction or stripes by her husband.” (“Domestic Violence in the United States.”) In 1870’s, was when the first states banned a man’s right to beat his wife or family. By the early 20th century, it was common for the police to interfere in cases of domestic violence in the United States, but arrests remained rare. Wife beating was made illegal in all states of America by 1920. (“Domestic Violence in the United States.”) The laws were only lightly enforced until the feminist movement of the 1960’s started bringing domestic abuse to media attention. By the 1980’s, most states had adopted legislation and rights regarding domestic violence. (Violence Against Women 1994). Although, it is banned in America it is still a growing problem amongst us every day.
There are four main different types of abuse that are present in domestic violence. These types of abuse include physical violence, sexual violence, psychological violence, and stalking. Physical abuse is any physically aggressive behavior, withholding of physical needs, indirect physically harmful behavior, or threat of physical abuse. “This includes any form of Hitting, kicking, choking, shaking, slapping, pulling, pushing, punching, beating, pinching, scratching, and etc” (“Home.” Types of Domestic Violence) Sexual abuse is using sex in an advantage way or forcing sex on another person. Having consented to sexual activity once does not show they are willing currently consent. This includes “using force, guilt, coercion, or manipulation or not considering if the victim wants to have sex.” “Also, forcing a victim who is unable to make an informed decision about involvement in sexual activity because of being asleep, drugged, intoxicated, disabled, too young, too old, or afraid of the perpetrator.” (“Home.” Types of Domestic Violence) Psychological abuse/emotional abuse is any behavior that exploits anther’s vulnerability, insecurity, or character. Such behaviors include ‘continuous degradation, intimidation, manipulation, brainwashing, or control of another to the detriment of the individual”. (“Home.” Types of Domestic Violence) Verbal abuse can also be a type of emotional abuse. Stalking is also a type of domestic violence. Stalking is the act or crime of willfully and repeatedly following or harassing another person in circumstances that would cause a reasonable person to fear injury or death especially because of express or implied threats. (“Stalking Legal Definition.”)
No matter which form of domestic violence or abuse is shown it should never be taken lightly. Statistics show nearly “20 people per minute in the United States are being physically abused by an intimate partner.” This is not even including the “1 in 3 women and 1 in 4 men have been victims of physical violence by an intimate partner within their lifetime.” Or the “1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 men have been victims of severe physical violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime.” (“NCADV | National Coalition Against Domestic Violence.”) Although, we can never completely stop domestic violence. We can stake steps to prevent it in our local community.
First, step in stopping domestic violence is knowing the signs. Domestic violence can happen to any race, age, gender. You just must be mindful of the signs. Signs of domestic violence may include Being jealous, Discouraging, Embarrassing, Controlling, Threatening, or Pressuring to do things. If the signs ever come around, you should ask questions. Also, don’t ever ignore signs. If a sign makes you wonder, you should say something. You could be possibly saving a life. Also, lending an ear, if someone ever confides in you, they are experiencing domestic violence, listen without judgment. You should always keep it in mind and report to the police if you feel it is necessary. Getting active can change things too. Start a local domestic violence group around your town. You and a group of friends can go door to door telling people why ending domestic violence is important. Give tips, advice, domestic violence hotlines, and shelters information. You never know who may be going through that situation. Your small decision may impact someone else’s life.
In conclusion, domestic violence should never be taken lightly. Domestic violence is not just something that came around last year. It has been around for decades in more than just the United States. It also, is not limited to just physical abuse or an intimate couple. You should never ignore the signs. Never think it’s not that serious, because one call could save a life.
National Domestic Violence Hotline: 1-800-799-7233

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