Desertification, deforestation, emission, extinction and erosion constitute environmental degradation, which Hunter et al (2010) refers to as the systematic deterioration of the natural environment through the continuous depletion of the natural resources that compromise it. As indicated above, the five forms of environmental degradation relate to the natural environment such as water, land, air, forests, seas and animals thereby encompassing all biotic and abiotic elements that form earth’s surroundings including living and non-living elements of the planet, thus none can survive without the environment. Being a common phenomenon, environmental degradation has been happening over centuries but not in a universal way. The processes and impacts differ amongst regions and this paper intends to define environmental degradation, factors behind the process, and the place of renewable and non-renewable resources in regulating environmental degradation.

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